Association between clinical and surgical variables with postoperative outcomes in patients treated for intestinal obstruction for non-malignant conditions: a cross-sectional study

Felipe Girón, Carlos Eduardo Rey Chaves, Lina Rodríguez, Roberto Javier Rueda-Esteban, Ricardo E. Núñez-Rocha, Juan Daniel Pedraza, Danny Conde, Marco Vanegas, Ricardo Nassar, Gabriel Herrera, Juan David Hernández

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Intestinal obstruction is considered a frequent surgical pathology related to previous surgical procedures. Many different factors can lead to different outcomes when surgical management is needed. Therefore, we aim to describe the factors related to morbidity and mortality in surgical management of IO in a single-center experience. Retrospective observational study with a prospective database, in which we described patients who underwent surgical management due to intestinal obstruction between 2004 and 2015. Demographics, perioperative data, surgical outcomes, morbidity, and mortality were described. 366 patients were included. Female were 54.6%. Mean age was 61.26. Laparoscopic approach was done in 21.8% and the conversion rate was 17.2%. Intestinal resection was performed in 37.9% of the cases. Postoperative complications were observed in 18.85%. Reintervention and mortality were 9.5% and 4.1% respectively. Laparoscopic approach shows lesser time of intestinal transit (mean 28.67 vs. mean 41.95 h), and restart of oral intake after surgery (mean 96.06 vs. mean 119.65) compared with open approach. Increased heart rate and intensive care unit length of stay were related with mortality (p 0.01 and 0.000 respectively). For morbidity, laparotomy and need and duration of ICU stay were related with any complication statistically significant (p 0.02, 0.008, 0.000 respectively). Patients with increased heart rate in the emergency room, decreased amount of intravenous fluids, need and higher length of stay in the intensive care unit, and delay in resuming oral intake after surgery appear to have poor outcomes. Laparoscopic approach seems to be a safe and feasible approach for intestinal obstruction in selected patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number14544
Pages (from-to)14544
JournalScientific Reports
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 4 Sep 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Databases, Factual
  • Emergency Service, Hospital
  • Intensive Care Units
  • Intestinal Obstruction/etiology
  • Male

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