Cardiovascular complications of cocaine: Imaging findings

Carlos S. Restrepo, Carlos A. Rojas, Santiago Martinez, Roy Riascos, Alejandro Marmol-Velez, Jorge Carrillo, Daniel Vargas

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cocaine is the second most commonly abused illicit drug in the US and the most common one involved in emergency department visits, the majority of which are related to the cardiovascular system. Cardiovascular complications related with cocaine abuse include myocardial ischemia and infarction, myocarditis, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, dilated cardiomyopathy, aortic dissection, thrombosis, stroke and cerebral hemorrhage, and different forms of visceral ischemia, among others. In an era where cocaine use has reached epidemic proportions, it is necessary for the radiologist to understand the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and imaging characteristics of its cardiovascular complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-19
Number of pages9
JournalEmergency Radiology
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aortic dissection
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Cardiovascular system
  • Cocaine
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Myocarditis
  • Renal infarction
  • Stroke
  • Visceral ischemia

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