Galcanezumab for the preventive treatment of episodic and chronic migraine in real life: A prospective multicenter study in Colombia and Mexico including effects on anxiety and depression - On behalf of ASOLACE

Joe Munoz-Cerón, Karina Vélez-Jiménez, Stephanía Bohorquez-Valderrama, Rodríguez-Leyva Ildefonso, Natalia Hernández-Beltrán, Loren Gallo-Eugenio, Claudia Moreno-Rodríguez, Juan Jiménez-Jaramillo, Carolina Guerra-Posada, Marta Ramos-Romero, Rafael Bernal-Cobo, Yessica Rojas-Villegas, Paula Cavanzo-Henao, López-González Reydmar

Research output: Other contribution

Abstract

Abstract Introduction Galcanezumab is an innovative therapeutic option for individuals with migraine. To date, there is no information regarding treatment results for Colombia and Mexico. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy and tolerability of galcanezumab in real life in patients from Colombia and Mexico. Materials and methods This was a prospective, independent, multicenter, real-life study. Ninety-eight patients ≥18 years of age with a diagnosis of episodic and chronic migraine (ICHD3 criteria) were included. At baseline, 3 months and 6 months, comparative analyses of migraine days/month, the HIT-6, GAD-7, PHQ-9 scales, analgesic days/month, global self-perception and incidence of collateral effects were performed. Results Ninety-eight patients were included [mean age, 43.6 (SD 12.91); age range, 18-82 years; women, 85.7%]. At baseline, 72.4% and 27.6% of patients had chronic migraine and episodic migraine, respectively. In the episodic migraine group, there was a decrease in migraine days from baseline [6.7 (IQR 9-3.5)] to 3 months [2 (IQR 4-1)] and 6 months [2 (IQR 3.5-1)] of follow-up(p 0.01 baseline vs 6 months). Patients with chronic migraine changed from [24.2 (IQR 30-20)] at baseline to [9 (IQR 4-19.25)] at month 3 and to [6 (IQR 15-4)] at the end of follow-up (p< 0.01). HIT-6, GAD-7 and PHQ-9 scores were significantly lower at months 3 and 6 than at baseline. De novo constipation occurred in 8% of participants. Conclusion This study offers evidence of the efficacy of galcanezumab in real life, including an impact on psychiatric variables.
Original languageSpanish (Colombia)
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

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