Informe de caso sobre cardiomiopatía periparto: Rara, desconocida y potencialmente fatal

Translated title of the contribution: Case report: Peripartum cardiomyopathy - rare, unknown and life-threatening

Carlos Eduardo Laverde-Sabogal, Lina María Garnica-Rosas, Néstor Correa-González

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To present a clinical case and to conduct a non-systematic review of the literature on peripartum cardiomyopathy, and to describe its incidence, aetiology and pathophysiology. Material and methods: With the authorization of the Ethics Committee of our institution, we present the case of a patient of mestizo ethnic origin who developed asthenia, adynamia, lower limb asymmetrical pain and functional class deterioration during the post-partum period, and her management in the Intensive Care Unit and final outcome. The search of the literature was conducted in PubMed, Scielo and Bireme. Results: Peripartum cardiomyopathy is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The clinical course varies between progressive improvement, heart failure, transplant or death. Some national reports were found. Conclusions: Peripartum cardiomyopathy affects a young and healthy population during a period of time ranging between the end of pregnancy and five months postpartum. The aetiology and pathogenesis are unknown, but several hypotheses have been proposed: viral myocarditis, autoimmune and/or abnormal haemodynamic response to the pregnancy, genetic susceptibility, malnutrition, and apoptosis. The prognosis of recovery of LVEF depends on early detection within seven days of the onset of symptoms, an initial LVEF greater than 30%, and a LVDD smaller than 60 mm. Mortality is associated with parity greater than four, older age and black ethnic background (6.4 times higher than in Caucasians).

Translated title of the contributionCase report: Peripartum cardiomyopathy - rare, unknown and life-threatening
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)63-68
Number of pages6
JournalRevista Colombiana de Anestesiologia
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

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