Prevalence of Mild Cognitive Impairment in Southern Regions of Colombia

Jasmin Bonilla-Santos, Alfredis González-Hernández, Dorian Yisela Cala-Martínez, Duván Fernando Gómez-Morales, Laura Natalia Calceto-Garavito, Arnulfo Eduardo Forero-Aldana, Rodrigo Alberto González-Montealegre, Yeing Alexandra Cardona Cumaco, Luz Angela Rojas-Bernal, Mario Alberto Zabaleta-Orozco, Mario Alfredo Parra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Recent reports suggest that by 2050 there will be an increase of around 310% of cases affected by dementia in Latin American countries. A previous study in a Southern region reported one of the highest prevalences of dementia in Latin America. Objective: To investigate the prevalence of mild cognitive impairment associated with low education, rurality, and demographic characteristics. Methods: A cross-sectional study recruited a community-dwelling sample of 823 adults from rural and urban areas of two Southern provinces of Colombia from 2020-2022. Participants were assessed with a neuropsychological protocol validated in Colombia. To obtain general and region-specific prevalence rates, age, sex, schooling, and socioeconomic level were considered and controlled for. Results: Most of the participants reported low education and socioeconomic level, the participation of women was higher. It was determined that the prevalence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) was 53.6%, with 56.6% in the province of Caquetá followed by 51.9% in the province of Huila. The amnestic MCI represented 42.6%, the amnestic multi-domain was 39%, the non-amnestic 16.55%, and the non-amnestic multi-domain 1.81%. Our participants reported comorbidities such as diabetes and hypertension. We also observed a relationship between exposure to pesticides and MCI. Conclusions: We observed one of the highest prevalences of MCI in Latin America reported to date. Variables such as age, gender, and education proved risk factors for MCI in the explored regions. Our findings are very much in line with recent studies that highlight the influence of non-canonical risk factors of dementia in underrepresented countries from Latin America.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1455-1464
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease Reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - 29 Dec 2023


  • Alzheimer's disease
  • epidemiology
  • mild cognitive impairment
  • pesticides
  • prevalence


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