Serum Adipsin Levels throughout Normal Pregnancy and Preeclampsia

Natalia E. Poveda, María F. Garcés, Carlos E. Ruiz-Linares, Diana Varón, Sergio Valderrama, Elizabeth Sanchez, Adriana Castiblanco-Cortes, Yessica Agudelo-Zapata, Héctor Fabio Sandoval-Alzate, Luis G. Leal, Edith Ángel-Müller, Ariel I. Ruíz-Parra, Angélica M. González-Clavijo, Carlos Diéguez, Rubén Nogueiras, Jorge E. Caminos

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20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Adipsin is a protease produced at high levels by adipose tissue. It is involved in complement activation and metabolic control. The objective of this study was to determine the changes in adipsin levels during different stages of normal pregnancy, and its association with obstetric outcomes, such as preeclampsia. This nested case-control study in a longitudinal cohort included normal pregnant (n = 54) and preeclamptic (n = 18) women, both followed throughout pregnancy. Additionally, some of the normal pregnant women were followed up three months postpartum (n = 18). Healthy non-pregnant women were also studied during their menstrual cycle (n = 20). The results of this study show that in healthy non-pregnant women, adipsin levels did not change significantly during the menstrual cycle. In normal pregnant women, adipsin levels were lower (p < 0.01) when compared with non-pregnant healthy women, but these serum levels increased again during postpartum (p < 0.001). Adipsin levels were significantly elevated in preeclamptic women in late pregnancy (P < 0.01). A significant correlation was not found between leptin and adipsin during the three periods of gestation studied in healthy pregnant and preeclamptic women. Our results suggest that adipsin may be involved in pregnancy-Associated metabolic changes. Moreover, the increase of adipsin levels towards late gestation in preeclamptic women could be related to the pathophysiology of this disease.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20073
JournalScientific Reports
Volume6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2016
Externally publishedYes

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