The Clinical Impact of Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair in the Management of Thoracic Aortic Diseases

Fernando Molano, Carlos Eduardo Rey Chaves, Danny Conde, Felipe Girón, Ricardo E. Núñez-Rocha, Daniela Ayala, Juliana González, Felipe Cortés, Diana Cortés, Ernesto Fajardo, Vladimir Barón

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3 Scopus citations


PURPOSE: Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) has been described to be superior to an open surgical approach, and previous studies have found superiority in TEVAR by reducing overall morbidity and mortality rates. This study aimed to describe the outcomes of TEVAR for patients with thoracic aortic disease at a high complexity.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Descriptive study, developed by a retrospective review of a prospectively collected database. Patients aged above 18 years who underwent TEVAR between 2012 and 2022 were included. Patient demographics, perioperative data, surgical outcomes, morbidity, and mortality were described. Statistical and multivariate analyses were made. Statistical significance was reached when p values were <0.05.

RESULTS: A total of 66 patients were included. Male patients were 60.61% and the mean age was 69.24 years. Associated aortic diseases were aneurysms (68.18%), ulcer-related (4.55%), intramural-related hematoma (7.58%), trauma-related pathology (1.52%), and aortic dissection (30.30%). The mean hospital stay was 18.10 days, and intensive care unit was required for 98.48%. At 30 days, the mortality rate was 10.61% and the reintervention rate was 21.21%. Increased intraoperative blood loss (p=0.001) and male sex (p=0.04) showed statistical relationship with mortality. Underweight patients have 6.7 and 11.4 times more risk of complications and endoleak compared with higher body mass index values (p=0.04, 95% confidence interval [CI]=0.82-7.21) and (p=0.02, 95% CI=1.31-12.57), respectively.

CONCLUSION: Thoracic endovascular aortic repair seems to be a feasible option for patients with thoracic aortic pathologies, with adequate rates of mortality and morbidity. Underweight patients seem to have an increased risk of overall morbidity and increased risk for endoleak. Further prospective studies are needed to prove our results.

CLINICAL IMPACT: Obesity and BMI are widely studied in the surgical literature. According to our study, there is a paradox regarding the outcomes of patients treated with TEVAR in terms of postoperative complications and mortality related to the body mass index. And shouldn't be considered as a high-risk feature in terms of postoperative morbidity and mortality in this procedure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15266028221148381
JournalJournal of Endovascular Therapy
StatePublished - 2023


  • BMI
  • aortic pathologies
  • endoleak
  • morbidity
  • mortality


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