Delayed gastric emptying after pancreatoduodenectomy: an analysis of risk factors

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BACKGROUND: Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) is a frequent complication after pancreatoduodenectomy. Preoperative factors are limited and controversial. This study aims to identify associated factors related to this complication in the Colombian population.

METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively collected database was conducted. All patients over 18 years of age who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy were included. Associations with DGE syndrome were evaluated with logistic regression analysis, Odds ratio, and b-coefficient were provided when appropriate.

RESULTS: 205 patients were included. Male patients constituted 54.15% (n = 111). 53 patients (25.85%) were diagnosed with DGE syndrome. Smoking habit (OR 17.58 p 0.00 95% CI 7.62-40.51), hydromorphone use > 0.6 mg/daily (OR 11.04 p 0.03 95% CI 1.26-96.66), bilirubin levels > 6 mg/dL (OR 2.51 p 0.02 95% CI 1.12-5.61), and pancreatic fistula type B (OR 2.72 p 0.02 CI 1.74-10.00).

DISCUSSION: Smoking history, opioid use (hydromorphone > 0.6 mg/Daily), type B pancreatic fistula, and bilirubin levels > 6 mg/dL should be considered as risk factors for DGE.

Idioma originalInglés
PublicaciónUpdates in Surgery
Fecha en línea anticipada10 abr. 2024
EstadoPublicada - 2024


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